January 2016 : 4 of our students completed their studies in December (2 nurses, one Lab technician, one Maths and Physics teacher) and have been assigne... [details]
Welcome to SudSoudanSolidarite.fr
Sud Soudan Solidarite is a small NGO that is involved in development work in Eastern Equatoria, South Sudan, an area where people live in appalling conditions after decades of war and deprivation.
We focus on helping set up educational and health structures in partnership with local communities. You can find more information about our work here.
Sud Soudan Solidarite is run entirely by volunteers. As such, it devotes 100 per cent of its funds to support projects in Eastern Equatoria. We will be delighted to welcome your contribution.
Thank you for your interest in our work. We hope to welcome you soon as a new member here, and we're relying on your spreading the word about our organisation through your networks. We need you!
1899 : Sudan was placed under British and Egyptian Condominium rule for over fifty years.
1956 : Sudan gained independence but the Northerners rejected the Federation framework. Sudan was the largest African country with 2,500,000 km2 and about 20 million inhabitants.
In the North, the arab population was traditionally muslim. In the South, the essentially christian and animist tribes lived in very poor conditions, and never had access to development.
18 August 1955 : The Torit rebellion was the first armed resistance in South Sudan against the Northern rule. The Equatorial (Southern) corps mutinied, killing their Northern officers. This incident sparked an armed uprising throughout the Southern region until 1972.
1969 : Nimeyri took power after a military coup.
1972 : The Addis Ababa Agreement was signed between the Southern rebels and the Northern government. The South gained regional autonomy: a government and assembly were set up in Juba, the new Southern capital city. But the aid pledged by the North never reached the South which remained steeped in poverty and underdevelopment.
1978 : Huge oil deposits were discovered in Bentiu in the South, close to the border with the North. Nimeyri took over the oil fields by creating the State of Unity which became part of Northern Sudan. Appeals from Southerners to join in and share in the profits were ignored.
1981 : The South protested against the location of oil refineries in the arab North. The rebels vowed to fight for the independence of the South.
1983 : John Garang de Mabior and his troops mutinied in Bor in May. They created the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) with the mutineers and former rebels.
September 1983 : Nimeyri arbitrarily imposed Sharia law in Sudan, which forced all those against it to join the SPLA.
The UN estimates that 2 million people died as a result of famine, fighting and disease, whereas 4 to 5 million were displaced or crossed the border into Kenya and Uganda. The South was left devastated.
1984 : Garang announced that the SPLA would fight for a "united secular Sudan". The majority of Southerners wanted the independence of the South.
1989 : While peace negotiations were taking place between the South and Sadeq al-Madhi, who had just won the general elections, Omar al-Beshir took power after a coup instigated by al Turabi to set up an Islamist regime.
1992 : The « cleansing » of oil fields to exploit the oil drove the local civilian populations away. The construction of the 1,610-km long pipeline to take the southern oil north to Port Sudan was completed. Chinese prisoners building the pipeline wreaked havoc in South Sudan by joining Arab militias in rapings and ethnic cleansing.
1999 : The oil was shipped to China, Malaysia and even Canada. The oil profits were used to purchase weapons to carry on the war against Southerners.
9 January 2005 : The final Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in Nairobi, Kenya, by John Garang on behalf of the SPLA/M and by Sudan vice-president Taha for Arab Sudan. However, sensitive issues – national census, security, sharing of oil profits, the border demarcation between North and South, the status of Abyei – were to be settled before the historic referendum of 9 January 2011.
9 January 2011 : Southern Sudanese living in the South, in the North and in eight other countries, voted in the South Sudan referendum on the secession of the South.
29 February 2011: The final results of the referendum were announced : 98.83% of South Sudanese voted overwhelmingly to secede from Sudan.
9 July 2011 : The South was formally declared independent as the Republic of South Sudan. Sudan lost 20 percent of its territory and 80 percent of its oil reserves.
South Sudan has a surface of 590,000 km2 with over 8 million people. Most places are underdeveloped and deprived of basic services. On the health side, South Sudan has a little more than 120 medical doctors, and claims just over 100 registered nurses.
Everything has to be built from scratch.